This paper from Navigant and Integrated Environmental Solutions (IES) explains that a comprehensive reduction in urban emissions requires an increased focus on transforming energy use in buildings and transport, as well as a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. A holistic approach to the decarbonisation of city operations, infrastructure, and services is proposed. Digital twins have an important role to play in understanding and managing the complex integration of multiple assets and systems that characterize community-scale projects., the paper argues.
Key words: intelligent building cloud and data analytics, large building controls automation, energy management, system monitoring equipment, utilities, digital twin

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